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Candidates who have taken and passed the Core, Tanker or Packaged modules and at least one specific class, may take additional modules at any time during the five year validation period of the original ADR Certificate. Once passed, these additional class modules will be added to a replacement Certificate issued by the DVLA. These additional class modules will expire at the same time as the original date issued on their ADR Certificate.
Drivers are required to attend a refresher course and pass an approved examination within a period of 12 months preceding the expiry of the original Certificate, and no later than 4 weeks prior to expiry (i.e. in the fifth year). The new licence will come into effect from the date of issue, (5 yrs plus any remaining months from the old certificate).
There is a multiple choice examination for each of the modules, which are set and marked by the Scottish Qualification Authority (SQA). The number of questions range from 10 to 36 depending on the modules being taken.
Core, Tanks, Packages, Classes 2 - 6, 8 & 9 5 Days
Core, Packages, Classes 2 - 6, 8 & 9 3.5 Days
Core, Tanks & Class 3 3 Days
Refresher Core, Packages, Classes 2 - 6, 8 & 9 3.5 Days
Tanker Upgrade 1.5 Days
Explosives (Specialised) 1 Day
Radioactives (Specialised) 1 Day
• Introduction, The Objective of the Course, Dangerous Goods Driver Training 2004 (As Amended 2005), Responsibilities of a Dangerous Goods Driver, Dangerous Goods Regulations, UN Recommendations
• The Main Hazards of Substances in Class 1 to 9
• UK & ADR Transport Documents, Emergency Information, Dangerous Goods Notes, ADR Certificate, Checks Before Setting Out, Journey Rules, Breakdown
• Equipment on the Vehicle ADR & UK
• Segregation, Tunnels, Security of High Consequential Dangerous Goods
• At the Loading Point, At the Discharge Point
• Dangerous Waste
• Liability Law
• Multi-Module Operations
• Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), Breathing Protection, Other Equipment, Looking after the Equipment, Emergency Aid (Theory)
• Emergency Aid
• Fire on Vehicle, The Nature of Fire, Action in Event of a Fire, Fire Extinguishers
• Emergency Procedure, When Help Arrives, Desktop Examination, Narrative
• Introduction, Transport Categories
• Packaging, Steel Drums, Plastic Drums, Sacks, Gas Cylinders, Small Packaging, Intermediate Bulk Containers
• UN Approved Packaging, Limited Quantities
• Loading, Storage and Unloading, Segregation
• Marking of Packaging, Vehicle Markings, Container, Vehicles Carrying Bulk, IMDG, Vehicle Equipment, Supervision and Parking, RIDDOR
Tank & Tank Containers
• Introduction, Tanks and Tank Vehicles, Regulations, Design Approval Inspection and Testing, Vehicle Equipment, Vehicle Markings UK, ADR, IMDG, UK Emergency Action Code, ADR Kemler Code
• Tank Loads, Tank Construction, Maximum Allowed Working Pressure Tank Fittings
• Operating Procedure Loading Rules, Supervision and Parking, Discharging Rules, Discharging of Petrol at Filling Stations, Static Electricity, Tank Cleaning, Journey Routes
• Method of Loading and Discharging, Tanks, Cryogenic Liquids, LPG's
• Dangerous Waste, Product Movement, Rollover
Class 1 - Explosives Specialisation
Syllabus Element 6a Introduction, The Nature of Explosives, Types of Explosives, Divisions of Class 1 Compatibility Groups
Syllabus Element 6b Packaging and Labeling, Mixed Loading, Vehicle Marking
Syllabus Element 6c Regulations, Types of UK Explosive Vehicles, Types of ADR Explosive Vehicles, Loading, Storage and Unloading UK ADR, Information Provided by the Consignor, Information Provided by the Operator, Emergency Information, Keeping Documents Safe During the Journey, Vehicle Equipment, Vehicle Extinguisher, Other Operating Rules, Breakdown, Fire, Action in the Event of Fire, Vehicle Fires
Syllabus Element 6d Practical Exercise Loading Explosives - Theory
Syllabus Element 6e Practical Exercise - Emergency, Procedure
When suitably initiated, high explosives change their state almost instantaneously into very hot gas, thereby creating a violent and sudden force. Other explosives produce effects by the creation of gas, light, heat, etc. Explosives are mostly self-contained, and the chemical change, which causes the large release of energy, is not dependent on reaction with oxygen in the air.
This Class is split into six Divisions, 1.1, 1.2, etc., according to the dangerous effects they create if they explode or burn accidentally. A series of letters are placed after the Class and Division numbers, to indicate whether the types would be compatible or otherwise in a mixed load.
Class 2 - Gases
Mostly carried under pressure to save space and the pressure itself creates a danger if it is released suddenly. The force contained in a high-pressure gas cylinder can amount to several hundred tonnes. If a valve gets knocked off a cylinder, the escaping gas creates a jet that makes it takes off like a rocket and does awful damage.
Most gases are heavier than air. They can cause suffocation if they displace or dilute air in confined spaces. Some gases are refrigerated down to very low temperatures to make them liquefy and the extreme cold also creates a danger.
Class 3 - Flammable Liquids
All evaporate easily, and the vapour will burn or explode when heated in air. The vapours are invisible and always much heavier than air. They will flow downhill and collect at the lowest point. The flashpoint is the temperature above which the liquid releases just enough vapour to create an ignitable mixture with air. The lower the flashpoint, the quicker the vapour forms and the greater the risk. The FP of petrol is - 40 degrees, so it burns readily. The FP of diesel is + 65 degrees, so it has to be heated before it will burn.
Class 4 - Flammable Solids
Flammable Solids will burn easily, and may create great heat and sometimes - toxic fumes. Some need to be transported under refrigeration (SADT)
Ignite immediately with oxygen in the air no ignition sources are needed
Dangerous when wet
Produce flammable gases when in contact with water. It is the heat of the reaction that generally ignites the gas
Class 5 - Oxidising Agents
Are very dangerous in transport. They may react with other combustible materials to start them burning. Then they supply the oxygen to keep them burning without help from the air. Such fires may therefore break out and continue in confined spaces, e.g. in containers.
May be unstable and sometimes explosive. They are often carried under refrigeration (SADT) to keep them inactive, and then the temperature must be carefully controlled. Materials are all poisonous somehow. They must not be allowed to get inside the body, through swallowing, breathing in, or by absorption through the skin.
Class 6 - Toxics
Chemical poisons that damage parts of the body in some way (alcohol).
Which causes disease in humans and animals (BSE) and also includes clinical waste.
Class 7 - Radioactive
Emits invisible radiation that may damage the body depending on the dose, and the duration of the exposure. The packages are designed to shield the radiation and must not be seriously damaged or the shielding could become ineffective.
Class 8 - Corrosives
Damage the body from the outside by destroying the tissue, in the opposite way to toxic, which work from inside the body. Corrosives are very dangerous to the eyes.
Class 9 - Miscellaneous
Contains a number of different substances and articles, which cannot easily be placed in the other Classes. The sign gives no indication of the particular danger that must be obtained from written information.
There are two UN numbers in Class 9 for environmentally hazardous materials. This indicates an extension of the concept of dangerous goods, to include environmental as well as human risks.
Candidates must take at least three modules to gain the Vocational Certificate (ADR). These must be the Core, either Tanker or Packaged Goods modules and one of the nine classes, which cover the specific type of substance being carried. The ADR Certificate is valid for 5yrs from date of issue, and must be carried when transporting dangerous / hazardous goods.