Geography iGCSE


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Important information

Typology GCSE
Methodology Online
Duration 12 Months
Start Different dates available
  • GCSE
  • Online
  • Duration:
    12 Months
  • Start:
    Different dates available

Do you want to develop your understanding of geographical concepts and processes? Our inspiring iGCSE Geography course is for you. Our course covers points relevant to now and the world we live in. Though studying this course you will learn about the interactions that take place within and between societies, economies, cultures and environments. You will learn about the importance of sustainability and learn about the effect of your own and other lives on the world.

Studying IGCSE Geography will give you broad understanding of communities and cultures around the world and how they are impacted and constrained by different environments. Students of our Edexcel International GCSE in Geography will develop knowledge and understanding of geographical concepts, global issues, and places and environments from a local to global scale, applying their learning to the real world. Through this course students will develop a sense of place by looking at the world around them on a local, regional and global scale.

Geography is an important subject to study as it will increase your knowledge of the wider world. A distance learning course is the ideal way to gain a Geography IGCSE. Whether you're looking to go on to further education, improve your job prospects or expand your knowledge.

Facilities (1)
Where and when
Starts Location
Different dates available
Starts Different dates available

To take into account

· What are the objectives of this course?

On this course you will: Apply and build on the fundamental building blocks of geographical knowledge. Develop skills and knowledge that will be transferrable beyond the confines of the course. Develop your knowledge and understanding of geographical concepts and appreciate the relevance of these concepts to our changing world. Develop their awareness of global issues and recognise the need for a sustainable future.

· Requirements

There are no specific entry requirements but you will need basic English reading and writing skills.

· Qualification

Upon successful completion of this home learning course you will receive an iGCSE in Geography, issued by CIE

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What you'll learn on the course

Environmental Quality
Quality Training
Natural Environment
Hazardous environments
River environments
Geographical Enquiry
Geographical Enquiry
Geographical Enquiry

Course programme

Section A – The Natural Environment

Hazardous environments
  • Different types of hazard (climatic, tectonic).
  • The global distributions, causes and characteristics of: tropical storms, volcanoes and earthquakes.
  • Methods of monitoring weather conditions. Global and regional, Mapping the global distribution of recent hazards.
  • Identifying the scale of natural disasters and their short-term and long-term impact in countries at different levels of development.
  • Reasons why people continue to live in areas at risk from hazard events. Regional and small (local)
  • Predicting and preparing for hazards (education, early warning systems, shelters, defences).
  • Coping during hazards (evacuation, mitigation).
  • Consequences of hazards: short-term (emergency aid and disaster relief); long-term (risk assessment, rebuilding, review and adjustment, improving prediction and preparation).

River environments

  • The hydrological cycle: characteristics, stores and transfers.
  • Features of a drainage basin: watershed, source, mouth, channel
  • network.
  • The hydrograph (discharge, base flow, storm flow) and river regimes: factors affecting them (precipitation, temperature, water abstraction, dams).
  • Processes: weathering and mass movement; erosion and deposition. Factors affecting these processes (stream velocity, slope, geology).
  • Formation of valleys, interlocking spurs, waterfalls, meanders, oxbow lakes, flood plains and levees.
  • The uses of water: agriculture, industry, human hygiene and leisure including the reasons for a rising demand resulting in areas of water
  • surplus and water shortage.
  • Reasons for differences in water quality. Sources of pollution (sewage, industrial waste, agriculture). Managing the supply of clean water (dams and reservoirs; pipelines; treatment works).
  • Flooding: causes (intensity of rainfall, snowmelt, steep slopes, impermeable surfaces, human activities) and control (construction of spillways, embankments).

Section B - People and their Environments

  • Ecosystems and rural environments
  • Biomes and their global distributions.
  • Ecosystems and their components: rocks; soils; climate; vegetation; fauna; key ecological processes and concepts (adaptation, succession, zonation, food webs, biodiversity).
  • The nature of the temperate grassland biome and its agricultural use. Global, national and small (local)
  • Characteristics of rural environments: employment; population size and structure; land use (including quarrying, recreation and tourism); accessibility; conservation.
  • The farm as a system. Different types of farming: arable/pastoral; commercial/subsistence; intensive/extensive and ways of raising agricultural production (eg irrigation, glasshouses, genetic engineering, High Yielding Varieties).
  • Causes and consequences of food shortages and attempts to tackle these problems. National and regional
  • Low income country rural settlement changes: farming changes (eg move to cash cropping); rural-to-urban migration and its impact.
  • High income country rural settlement changes: new economic activities; rural Urban environments. The nature of urbanisation (including suburbanisation and counter-urbanisation); the factors affecting the rate of urbanisation and the emergence of mega-cities.
  • Mapping of the changing global distribution of mega cities
  • The problems associated with rapid urbanisation including congestion, transport, employment, crime and environmental quality. Global and small (local) Investigating change in environmental quality survey. Urban environments can be characterised by the distribution of different land uses and of people of different economic status and ethnic background.
  • Reasons for factors encouraging similar land uses to concentrate in particular parts of the urban area (eg locational needs, accessibility, land values).
  • Consequences of different land uses, eg the distribution of different socio-economic and ethnic groups, accessibility.
  • Implications of rapidly developing urban areas in low income countries, eg shanty towns (squatter settlements, location, growth, problems and mitigating strategies including self-help). Small (local) changes occur as urban environments age and the needs of people change.
  • The nature of, and reasons for, the changes taking place at the edge of high income countries (eg, retail complexes, business parks and industrial estates). The ‘greenfield’ versus ‘brownfield’ debate.
  • Areas of social deprivation and poverty in HIC cities: symptoms and locations. The changing fortunes of inner-city areas.
  • The roles of decision makers (planners, politicians, property developers and industrialists) in urban regeneration and rebranding.

Section C – Global Issues

  • Globalisation and migration
  • Globalisation is making the nations of the world increasingly interdependent. Major movements of people are both a cause and a consequence of this interdependence
  • The rise of the global economy (growth of production and commodity chains) and the factors encouraging it (trade, foreign investment, aid, labour, modern transport and information technologies).
  • The global shift in manufacturing and the reasons for this (labour costs, resources, profiteering).
  • TNCs: organisation; role as key players in the global economy; benefits and costs to countries hosting TNCs. Global, national and small
  • The growth of global tourism and its causes (increased leisure, the package holiday, modern transport, marketing).
  • The impact of mass tourism on the environment, economy and people of destination areas.
  • Attempts to make tourism more sustainable (ecotourism). Global, national and small.
  • Migration – a component of population change; international migration; net migration.
  • Types of migration (voluntary versus forced); the push-pull factors affecting migration.
  • Managing migration – refugee and asylum-seeker issues: the case for controlling migration flows.

Throughout this course, you will need to acquire a range of geographical skills through fieldwork and linked practical exercises.

Fieldwork is integral to the enquiry process that underpins the qualification. The Field Studies Council (FSC) and Ofsted (2011 subject report) both support the view that good and regular fieldwork motivates learners and enhances their understanding of geography.

There is also evidence that fieldwork encourages a higher than average take-up of academic qualifications


To fully complete this course you will need to take the 2 standard iGCSE examinations.

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